Normal profit graph

Normal profit is a profit metric that takes into consideration both explicit and implicit costs. It may be viewed in conjunction with economic profit. Normal profit occurs when the difference. The point on the supply curve at which an enterprise earns only normal profit is known as the break-even point of the enterprise. The point of minimum average cost at which the supply curve cuts the long-run average cost curve (LRAC). In the short-run, the short run average curve (SAC) curve is, therefore, the break-even point of an enterprise Board: AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB, Eduqas, WJEC. In this short revision video we look at the key diagrams that can be used to show firms making supernormal profit, sub-normal profit and also the shut-down price in the short run In (c), price intersects marginal cost below the average cost curve. Since price is less than average cost, the firm is making a loss. First consider a situation where the price is equal to $5 for a pack of frozen raspberries. The rule for a profit-maximizing perfectly competitive firm is to produce the level of output where Price = MR = MC, so.

Normal Profit Definition - investopedia

The Normal Profit and Break Even Point - BYJU'

  1. Accounting profit is the profit earned by a business over a given period. Economic profit refers to the abnormal profits earned by a company above the expenses incurred in production. Normal profits arise when the total revenue in business equals the total cost of operation. Accounting profit is usually higher than both economic and normal gain
  2. Comparison Chart. Accounting Profit is the net income of the company earned during a particular accounting year. Economic Profit is the remaining surplus left after deducting total costs from total revenue. Normal Profit is the least amount of profit needed for its survival. Reflects the Profitability of the company
  3. It is important to make a distinction between different types of profit, This short revision video looks at the difference between normal profit and abnormal..

In this short revision video we look at the key diagrams that can be used by A Level Economics students to show firms making supernormal profit, sub-normal. Economic profits are zero, which means that each firm makes a normal (average) profit. The graphs above illustrate market demand and supply curves. The graph below illustrates a market demand and cost curves for one typical firm (firm A) in this industry. At a price of $25, the firm is making zero economic profits The normal probability plot (Chambers et al., 1983) is a graphical technique for assessing whether or not a data set is approximately normally distributed. The data are plotted against a theoretical normal distribution in such a way that the points should form an approximate straight line New entry will shift the supply curve to the right; entry will continue as long as firms are making an economic profit. The supply curve in Panel (a) shifts to S 2, driving the price down in the long run to the original level of $1.70 per bushel and returning economic profits to zero in long-run equilibrium An important skill in microeconomics is the ability to find a firm's profit. Learn more about how to use a graph to identify the profit-maximizing quantity for a firm in a perfectly competitive market, and identify the area that represents the firm's profit or loss. This is the currently selected item

Theory of the Firm — Graphs. The graph left represents a firm that is experiencing abnormal or supernormal profits. The way in which abnormal profits is found/drawn is quite simple. The first step is to find the profit-maximizing level of output which is where the marginal cost and the marginal revenue curves interest A firm earns normal profits when the average cost of production is equal to the average revenue for the corresponding output. In the figure above, you can see that the MC curve cuts the MR curve at the equilibrium point E. Also, the AC curve touches the AR curve at a point corresponding to the same point. Therefore, the firm earns normal profits Calculate the gross and net profit margins for XYZ Company in 2018. Income Statement: $700,000 revenue ($200,000) cost of goods sold. $500,000 gross profit ($400,000) other expenses. $100,000 net income . Based on the above income statement figures, the answers are: Gross margin is equal to $500k of gross profit divided by $700k of revenue.

Abnormal and Sub-Normal Profits - Key Diagrams tutor2

  1. Normal profit. In a perfect market the sellers operate at zero economic surplus: sellers make a level of return on investment known as normal profits. Normal profit is a component of (implicit) costs and not a component of business profit at all. It represents the opportunity cost, as the time that the owner spends running the firm could be.
  2. Profit. Profit has several meanings in economics. At its most basic level, profit is the reward gained by risk taking entrepreneurs when the revenue earned from selling a given amount of output exceeds the total costs of producing that output. This simple statement is often expressed as the profit identity, which states that:. Total profits = total revenue (TR) - total costs (TC
  3. AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB, Eduqas, WJEC. It is important to make a distinction between different types of profit, This short revision video looks at the difference between normal profit and abnormal profit (also known as economic and supernormal profit) Normal and Abnormal Profit. Economics. Student Videos. Supernormal profit
  4. 1) Profit made in addition to normal profit is considered as supernormal profit and only a few companies can make it in short and long run. Firms that make abnormal profits in any market are giving cues that the market is viable and that there is an opportunity for making money and growing the company
  5. Average profit = 70,000/-Meaning of Super Profit: - It means an excessive amount of average profit over the normal profit (which is normally or easily earned by the same type of other business in the industry).To calculate the SP of the business, we have to subtract the normal profit earned by the same type of business from the Actual average profits of specific numbers of previous years

1) P> ATC, firm makes a profit, this case is shown in the above graph. 2) P< ATC, firm experience losses, see right graph below, total loss is the shaded area. 3) P=ATC, firm breaks even (profit=0), see left graph, point A is called the break-even point (the minimum point of ATC curve) A normal profit is the profit that is necessary to cover both the implicit and explicit costs of a firm and of the owner-manager or investors who fund it. In the absence of this profit, these parties would withdraw their time and funds from the firm and use them to better advantage elsewhere, as to not forgo a better opportunity DD is the original demand curve which intersects the market period supply curve MPS at price OP at output OM. Now suppose that there is a sudden and permanent change in demand from DD to D'D'. As a result of the increased demand, the market price will rise sharply from the original price OP to OP', while output remaining the same, i.e. OM Normal Profits, also known as the break-even or zero economic profit, includes the profit paid to the entrepreneur (included in the total cost, for bringing in scarce resources and taking on risk), and the total cost is equal to total revenue. A firm making normal profits will remain in the industry

Reading: Profits and Losses with the Average Cost Curve

  1. imum level of profit necessary to keep a firm in that line of business. This level of normal profit enables the firm to pay a reasonable salary to its workers and managers. The definition of normal profit occurs when Average Revenue AR=ATC (average total cost) Supernormal profit is define
  2. g Total Revenue Explicit Costs Implicit Costs $20,000 $4,000 $17,000 Accounting Profit.
  3. As a general rule of thumb, a 10% net profit margin is considered average, a 20% margin is considered good, and a 5% margin is low. But you should note that what is considered a good margin varies widely by industry. For example, in the construction industry, profit margins of 1.5% to 2% are normal. And according to an online poll in Building.

Normal profit refers to the level of accounting profit needed to cover implicit costs. It will equal accounting profit when economic profit equals zero. And, if accounting profit is higher than normal profit, economic profit is positive. Relationship between market structure and abnormal profit Enter mean (average), standard deviation, cutoff points, and this normal distribution calculator will calculate the area (=probability) under the normal distribution curve. Normal distribution or Gaussian distribution (named after Carl Friedrich Gauss) is one of the most important probability distributions of a continuous random variable

Make beautiful data visualizations with Canva's graph maker. Unlike other online graph makers, Canva isn't complicated or time-consuming. There's no learning curve - you'll get a beautiful graph or diagram in minutes, turning raw data into something that's both visual and easy to understand. More than 20 professional types of graphs. The firm earns normal profit when average revenue (AR) is equal with average. cost (AC). Price is equal at minimum AC, firm at breakeven profit. Based on above diagram, average revenue is RM20 and average cost is also. RM20. So, the firm will get the normal profit because total revenue (RM180) is equal. with total cost (RM180)

AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB, Eduqas, WJEC. It is important to make a distinction between different types of profit, This short revision video looks at the difference between normal profit and abnormal profit (also known as economic and supernormal profit) Normal and Abnormal Profit. Economics. Student Videos. Supernormal profit The following graph shown a firm's shut-down point in short-run. The profit-maximizing (optimal) output level occurs when marginal revenue is equal to marginal cost. You can see that even at this optimal level, the price curve is below the average variable cost (AVC) curve. It means that the firm is incurring losses at this price and it. These graphs also have proven helpful in naming certain strategies because of the way the graph appears. For example, one complex option strategy, the butterfly spread, is named because the shape of the profit/loss graph resembles that of a butterfly. Profit and Loss diagram for a long stock position of 100 share Normal Profit. However, it is said to have occurred when economic profit Economic Profit Economic profit refers to the income acquired after deducting the opportunity and explicit costs from the business revenue (i.e., total income minus overall expenses). It is an internal analysis metric used by the organizations along with the accounting profits. read more is zero or in other words, the. As shown in the graph above, the profit maximization point is where MC intersects with MR or P. If the above competitive firm produces a quantity exceeding q o , then MR and P o would be less than MC, the firm would incur an economic loss on the marginal unit, so the firm could increase its profits by decreasing its output until it reaches q o

At what price will the firm shown in the accompanying graph make just a normal profit? a.) $2 b.) $5 c.) $7 d.) $10. c.) $7. Which point in the accompanying graph is the break-even point for the firm? a.) A b.) B c.) C d.) D. c.) C. Refer to the accompanying cost table. If price of the product were $30 per unit, the firm woul This profit is a fixed amount which is included in the cost of production. Normal profit gets distributed over the large volume of output. Normal profit is thus an incentive to produce output.. This profit arises due to the function of the entrepreneur at this profit no existing firms leave the industry nor any new enter the business. The firm or the producer neither expands nor contracts. In the short period, it is possible that firm earns only normal profit. This happens only when the average cost curve of the firm is tangent to its average revenue curve. Equilibrium of the firm has been explained in the Fig. 8.3. E is the equilibrium point because at this point MC = MR. MC curve cuts MR curve from below. 0Q is the equilibrium. This shows that in short run firms will find their respective equilibrium following the price determined by industry and can earn super normal profit or incur loss or even a normal profit. An upward shift in demand curve from D 1 D 2 to D 3 D 4 will push the short period price up to OP 2. Industry will enhance its supply to OQ **. Firms will.

Calculating Profits and Losses Microeconomic

Economists classify normal profits as costs, since in the long run the owner of a firm would close it down if a normal profit were not being earned. Since a normal profit is required to keep the entrepreneur operating the firm, a normal profit is a cost. Economic profits are not costs of production since the entrepreneur does not require the. The chart showing average costs and marginal revenue and marginal cost is as follow 3. Profit maximizing level of output is when Marginal cost is equal to marginal revenue MC = MR This occurs somewhere between 4 th and 5 th quantity. So, profit maximizing output is 4 units 4. A normal profit is the profit required to keep in business

Perfect competition

Normal profit is also known as zero economic profit. If profit is greater than 0, the firm generates an _____ profit quantity where MC=MR and price where this quantity hits the demand curve b. $10000 profit per unit can be found by taking price minus average total cost and total profit can be found by taking profit per unit multiplied by. Profit is equal to total revenue minus total cost, so the profit maximizing output level is where there is the greatest vertical distance between total revenue and total cost. At that point, the slope of the total revenue line is the same as the slope of the total cost curve The price is found by going straight up to the demand curve, so the profit-maximizing price is $7. At the profit maximizing quantity of 400, average total cost is $6. This means that the firm is making an economic (above-normal) profit. Average profit is $7 minus $6, or $1. This means that total profit is $400 (400 times $1) In the long run, firms making abnormal profit will attract new firms, which will enter freely due to the two assumptions already stated. This would increase the industry supply (and shift the supply curve to the right) which will decrease the industry price. New firms will stop entering the market once existing firms make zero economic profit 1. Click a cell in the Excel window. Doing so will select it, which will allow you to add a point of data to that cell. The values in the A column dictate the X-axis data of your graph. The values in the 1 row each pertain to a different line or bar (e.g., B1 is a line or bar, C1 is a different line or bar, and so on)

In the long run a firm in perfect competition cannot make a super normal profit as the super normal profit continues other firms will enter the market and bring the price down reducing the profit level of all the firms.. If a super normal profit is being made, more firms will enter the market, increasing market supply to S2. This will decrease the price to P2 Economic Profit: When the price exceeds the average total cost, a firm is said to be making economic profits. On the contrary, if the price is less than the average total cost, the firm will be. Draw two graphs: 1:- Normal Profit. 2:- Abnormal profit. And mention the following points in each of them. Optimal point. Total Revenue. Total Cost. Total Variable cost. Total Fixed cost and that the profit -maximizing price is determined by going up to the demand curve at the profit -maximizing quantity. This part of the question also asked students to shade the area of the negative economic profit, with ATC above the price at the profit -maximizing quantity and with the ATC curve drawn above the demand curve for all quantities He may earn super profit or normal profit or even produce at a loss in the short ran. Conditions for the Equilibrium of a Monopoly Firm: There are two basic conditions for the equilibrium of the monopoly firm. First Order Condition: MC = MR. Second Order Condition: MC curve cuts MR curve from below. Explanation

In the above diagram, the monopoly which faces the demand curve (D 1) can make at least normal profit by producing anywhere within the output range from Q MIN to Q MAX. With two firms in the market, each firm faces the demand curve (D 2 ), which lies entirely below the long-run average cost (LRAC) curve What is Normal Profit or Zero Economic Profit? The Normal Profits, also known as a break-even or zero economic profit, includes the profit paid to the entrepreneur (included in total cost, for bringing in scarce resources and taking risk), and total cost is equal to total revenue. A firm making normal profits will remain in the industry Expansion path is a graph which shows how a firm's cost minimizing input mix changes as it expands production. It traces out the points of tangency of the isocost lines and isoquants. An expansion path provides a long-run view of a firm's production decision and can be used to create its long-run cost curves Now, if the firm is not able to earn even the normal profit in the short run, and even in the long run, it cannot earn even the normal profit by changing its plant size, then it would be forced to leave the industry in the long run. In Fig. 11.12, we see that the AR curve of the firm lies through­out its length below its LAC curve normal profit a PROFIT that is just sufficient to ensure that a firm will continue to supply its existing good or service. In the THEORY OF MARKETS, firms' COST curves thus include normal profit as an integral part of supply costs (see ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY).. If the level of profit earned in a particular market is too low to generate a return on capital employed comparable to that.

Supernormal Profits - Economics Hel

  1. Long run profit Maximisation. If most firms are making super normal profits in the short run there will be an expansion of the output of existing firms and we expect to see the entry of new firms into the industry. Firms are responding to the profit motive and supernormal profits act as a signal for a reallocation of resources within the market
  2. which represents a loss. On the graph below, these values and the areas for consumer surplus and profits are illustrated. Notice that the area of consumer surplus overlaps that corresponding with profit (loss), and that there is no deadweight loss since P = MC. Since the firm is making a loss, it needs to consider the future
  3. In graph 2 total profit shows the negative trend from point K to T. After point E, when the monopoly firm reaches the breakeven, TR increases faster rate compared to TC and leads to TR > TC. Thus, the firm can generate profit. graph 2. Positive profit starts from point T and rises up to point L, where the profit is maximum
  4. This past week during the course of my normal day-to-day activities at work, I came across a requirement for creating a normal distribution curve within Tableau.I immediately thought of Jim Dehner's blog post on How-To Create a Normal Distribution Chart and decided to replicate it. This blog post is about my understanding of his original work and the steps that I followed to replicate it
16786 markets part_2

(a) super normal profit (b) normal profit (c) loss (d) shut down point. 42. Perfectly elastic demand curve implies that - (a) the firm has no control over price (b) the firm can sell any quantity at the ruling price (c) the firm is price taker and output adjuster at ruling price (d) all a, b and c. 43 profit total income derived from the sale of a firm's output and the opportunity costs (ie explicit and implicit costs, where the latter includes normal profit). If a firm is making economic profit it means that the firm is earning more than it could be earning elsewhere. It is therefore the profit over and above normal profit Each number in this Excel chart's bell-shaped curve is a z value. We need to get some brief definitions out of the way so that we can start to describe data using Excel functions. From cholesterol to zebra stripes, the normal probability distribution describes the proportion of a population having a specific range of values for an attribute Costs of production Fixed and variable costs. Fixed costs are those that do not vary with output and typically include rents, insurance, depreciation, set-up costs, and normal profit.They are also called overheads.. Variable costs are costs that do vary with output, and they are also called direct costs.Examples of typical variable costs include fuel, raw materials, and some labour costs

Graphs - Perfect Competitio

D. profit is at a maximum. E. only normal profit will be possible. Question 46 Under perfect competition, the rising part of the firm's marginal cost curve above the minimum of average variable cost is: A. the demand curve facing the firm. B. the area of maximum profit. C. the area of normal profit. D. the supply curve of the firm. E. the. A graph showing a profit curve that has an inverted U-shape and has a peak at the profit maximizing quantity. Profit is maximized at the quantity q* and is lower at all other quantities. The curvature of the profit function is consistent with a negative second derivative and results in q* being a quantity of maximum profit A nonprofit chart of accounts may be similar to this: In other words, accounts represent these five areas of your organization's finances that you're tracking: Asset = what you own = 1000 range. Liability = what you owe = 2000 range. Equity = overall worth = 3000 range. Income = money you get = 4000 range

Economic profit vs normal profit: What is the difference

  1. Normal Profit in short run. In short run, some firms may be making normal profits where total revenue equals total cost (i.e. they are at the break-even output). In the diagram below, At equilibrium ,the firm has same costs such that the market price is equal to the average cost curve
  2. Nonprofit Org Chart Normal Structures. Here comes a template for a nonprofit organization. Overall, the sub-departments are in a similar pattern with profit organizational structures because you can clearly see the sections for Human Resources, Marketing, and development etc. However, there is a Fundraising Committee in the diagram below, which.
  3. This represents a normal level of economic profit. Firm 3 currently makes an accounting profit of £20,000 through the production of washing machines. However if they shifted their factors of production towards making dishwashers, they would make an accounting profit of £30,000
  4. Normal Profit and Loss. This past year, Jack's company made exactly enough money to pay its expenses. Enough revenue was generated from software sales to pay for the building, employee salary.
  5. imum amount that justifies why the firm is still in business. What Does Normal Profit Mean
  6. The normal is then at right angles to the curve so it is also at right angles (perpendicular) to the tangent. Profit and loss shortcuts. Percentage shortcuts. Times table shortcuts. Time, speed and distance shortcuts. Ratio and proportion shortcuts. Domain and range of rational functions

A company's profit margin indicates how much profit the company makes for every $1 generated through revenue or sales. The higher the profit margin in comparison to a company's competitor, the better for the company. What's considered a normal profit margin depends on the industry in which the company operates Net - Provides a circular graph with a separate Y axis for each item on the X axis. Points within a data series are connected with a polygon. Figure 20. Net Chart: Normal Creating Charts and Graphs 8 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 0.000 0.050 0.100 0.150 0.200 0.250 0.300 0.350 0.400 Acceleration of Different Masses with a Given Force. This will give us a rectangular shape on the graph which will show economic profit. It is important to recognize that if MR>ATC (meaning the MR line is above the ATC curve) then economic profit will be positive, and if MR<ATC (meaning the MR line is below the ATC curve) then economic profit will be negative Graph 1 (Short-Run Profits) Quantity is found by drawing a line strait down from where MR=MC. Average Cost (AC*) is found when a line is draw through MR=MC strait up to the Average Total Cost (ATC) curve. Price is found where Q* and P* intersect the Demand (D) curve. The yellow box shows profit between the AC* and P* lines at the quantity Q Remember, in economics, average total cost includes a normal profit. Note that where MC rises above MR, the costs exceed additional revenue, which is why the firm maximizes its profit by producing only that quantity where MR = MC, and charging the price at position 1 in the graph. 2 Market Price = Marginal Cost = Allocative Efficienc

Lecture 23 Notes

Difference Between Accounting, Economic and Normal Profit

The stacked bar chart (aka stacked bar graph) extends the standard bar chart from looking at numeric values across one categorical variable to two. Each bar in a standard bar chart is divided into a number of sub-bars stacked end to end, each one corresponding to a level of the second categorical variable. The stacked bar chart above depicts. Normal vs Economic Profit • Remember: Economists care about costs that are NOT accounting costs - IMPLICIT COSTS---Opportunity Costs 1. The income you gave up to start the business- $22,000 2. $1,000 in interest you were earning on the $20,000 you had in savings 3 It also means that the firm is earning a normal profit. Loss. In the figure above, the cost and revenue curves are on the Y-axis and the quantity demanded is on the X-axis. Further, the marginal cost curve cuts the marginal revenue curve from below at point 'A', the equilibrium point profit/fee analysis is the belief that contractors are motivated by profit/fee. Structured approaches provide a discipline for ensuring that all relevant factors are considered in developing Government profit/fee negotiation objectives. Profit/Fee Analysis Goals (FAR 15.404-4(a)(2)). It is in the Government's best interest to offer contractor' If economic profit comes out to zero, the company is said to be in a state of normal profit. In using economic profit in comparison to gross profit, a company may look at different types of.

Profit, Loss, and Zero Economic Profit for a

Benefits of Chart of Accounts for Nonprofits. In all accounting systems, the primary purpose is to make reporting easier. What sets nonprofits apart from for-profit accounting systems is segmenting by fund.. The main purpose of the chart of accounts for nonprofits is to categorize all of the financial transactions for your organization 16. The reason the marginal cost curve eventually increases as output increases for the typical firm is because: A) of diseconomies of scale. B) of minimum efficient scale. C) of the law of diminishing returns. D) normal profit exceeds economic profit. 17. If the short-run average variable costs of production for a firm are rising, then thi pure monopoly because the firms face downward-sloping demand curves and can earn only a normal profit in the long run. c. perfect competition because the firms face downward-sloping demand curves and similar to pure monopoly in that the firms can earn only a normal profit in the long run. d

Under perfect competition TR curve will be straight line thus. Normal Profit. When TR = TC there will be normal profit. Thus at TR1 there is normal profit. Super Normal Profit. When TR > TC there will be Supernormal profit. Thus at TR2 there is Supernormal profit. Loss. When TR < TC there will be loss. Thus at T3 there is los A)in the long run it earns a normal profit. B)it must lower its price in order to sell a greater quantity. C)the price it charges is never more than its marginal cost. D)it can never earn less than normal profit. 16) 17)For a firm in monopolistic competition, the marginal cost curve intersects the average total cost curve A)at no point

Unit 2 3 4 And 2 3 5 Mc And Oligopoly

Normal and Abnormal Profit I A Level and IB Economics

Use our online normal distribution calculator to find the area above, below or between the bell curve with the known values of mean and standard deviation. Normal distribution describes the statistical behavior of many real-world events. The simplest case of a Gaussian distribution is known as the standard normal probability distribution normal profit: The opportunity cost of using entrepreneurial abilities in the production of a good, or the profit that could be received by entrepreneurship in another business venture. Like the opportunity costs of other resources, normal profit is deducted from revenue to determine economic profit This normal profit can either be used to maximize profits or to minimize competition .The demand curve plays a major role in determining output levels. However, monopolies have its downside such as allocative inefficiency, price discrimination cartels, artificial scarcities and productive/technological inefficiency

Supernormal and Subnormal Profit - Key Diagrams for A

1. Draw on a graph and explain in words how firms collude to make monopoly profits. 2. Draw on a graph and explain in words what happens to industry price and quantitty if one firm cheats. 3. Draw on a graph and explain in words what happens to the price and output in the industry when two firms cheat. Draw a graph for the individual fir The mean, median and the mode of the normal distribution are always equal. A normal curve is symmetric in nature. Half of the value lies on either side of the curve in a normal distribution, and it is the reason it is called the bell-shaped curve. A formula for Normal Distribution is given by The profit- volume chart may be used to illustrate the effects of changes in product mix by drawing a product profit path as shown in figure 19.6 or separate profit lines are drawn for each of the assumed profit mixes as shown in figure 19.5 for each individual product. Illustration 2: ABC Ltd. sells three Products A, B and C B)supply curve and industry demand curve intersect. C)fixed cost is zero. D)average variable cost equals the industry average total cost. 15) 16)Economists assume that a perfectly competitive firm's objective is to maximize its A)revenue. B)economic profit. C)output price. D)quantity sold. 16)

Kinked-Demand Theory of Oligopoly

The demand curve shows the amount of goods consumers are willing to buy at each market price. A linear demand curve can be plotted using the following equation. P = Price of the good.Qd = 20 - 2P. Normal profit occurs when economic profit is zero, or when the total revenue of a company equals the sum of implicit cost and explicit cost. Economic profits (EP) are defined as the difference between total costs (TC) and total revenue (TR).. EP = TR - TC. Total revenue (TR) is the price multiplied by the quantity sold.. TR = Price X Quantity. Total costs include both implicit and explicit costs. In another words: payments to owners and non-owners for their resources are both included in the total cost Profit Margins can only be changed when the player starts a new save file. In the panel to the left, players can change the Profit Margin from Normal, which would be 100%, to 75%, 50%, or 25% (a) Indifference curve (b) Profit curve (c) Average cost curve (d) Demand curve. Answer. Answer: (d) Demand curve Explanation: Average revenue curve is often called the demand curve due to its representation of the product's demand in the market. Each point on the curve represents the price of the product in the market A positive economic profit is an above normal profit and attracts new firms into the industry. Firms exit an industry in which they earn a negative economic profit. Remember that from now on, costs always include the opportunity costs of capital, the costs of the firm's equity capital, and that profits always means economic profits Select the data and go to the chart option from the Insert menu. Click on the bar chart select a 3-D Stacked Bar chart from the given styles. The chart will be inserted for the selected data as below. By clicking on the title, you can change the tile. Extra settings to change the color and X, Y-axis names, etc